Cranberries are popular superfoods.peapole can consume them in the form of a sauce or juice.they can also add them to stuffing,casseroles,or dessert.these highly nutritious berries are also a staple of Thanksgiving dinner.
Cranberries are native to north America.they now grow on around 58,acres of farmland across the northern United states,Chile,and Canada.
Many people consider cranberries to be a superfood due to their high nutrient and antioxidants content.
In fact,research has linked the nutrient in cranberries to lower risk of urinary tract infections (UTI),the prevention of certain types of cancer,improve immune function,and decreases blood pressure.
In this article,we look at the health benefits of cranberries,their nutritional breakdown,and how people can incorporate them into a healthful diet.
Benefits of cranberries
All health and nutrition experts recommend a diet that includes plenty of fruit and vegetables.
Cranberries in particular offers a range of health benefits.they are good sources of various vitamins and antioxidants.
Historically,native American used cranberries as treatment for bladder and kidney disease,while early settler from England used them to treat poor appetite,stomach complaints,blood disorders and scurvy.
Cranberries played a role in traditional for UTIs.
However,research into the effect of cranberries on UTIs treatment has produced some conflicting results.
For example,one 2016 review found that medical professionals most commonly recommend cranberries for women for women with recurrent UTIs.
The high level of antioxidants proanthocyanidins(PACs)in cranberries helps prevent certain bacteria from sticking to the urinary tract walls.in this way,the PACs in cranberries help prevent infection.
This is because it takes a high concentration of the cranberry extract to prevent bacterial adhesion.commercially available cranberries juice do not contain such high amounts of PACs.
Slowing cancer progression
A 2016 review of 34 preclinical studies revealed that cranberries or compounds in cranberries had several beneficial effect on cancer cells in test tubes.
- Triggering the death of cancer cells
- Slowing the growth of cancer cells
- Reducing inflammation
The review also suggested that cranberries can effect several other mechanisms that promote cancer growth and spread.
Although testing on human with cancer is limited,these finding show promise for the future management of some cancer alongside standard treatments
Enhancing oral health
The PACs contained in cranberries may also benefit oral health.they do this by preventing bacteria from blinding to the surface of teeth,according to researchers at the centre for oral biology and Eastman department of dentistry at the university of Rochester medical centre in new York.
Reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Some evidence suggests that the polyphenols contained in cranberries may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease( CVD).
A 2019 systematic review found that supplementing cranberries in the diet can help a person manage several risk factors for CVD.these include systolic blood pressure,wish is the blood pressure during a contraction of the heart muscles.
The review also found that cranberries supplements help reduce body mass index and improve levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL),or good cholesterol.
A different study examined 78 participants who had overweight or obesity.it revealed that consuming a single dose of a low calorie cranberries beverage with a high content of plant compounds every day improve a person’s regulation of blood sugar, chemicals signs of inflammation,and increase levels of HDL lipoprotein.
People who used the blood thinning drugs warfarin (coumadin)should not suddenly increased their take of cranberries.
Although there is conflicting evidence regarding the potential for cranberries to enhance its anti clotting effects,they could lead to increased bleeding.
Cranberries products may also lead to higher excretion of oxalate in urine.this could promote the formation of kidney stones in those who are susceptible to calcium oxalate type stones.
Individuals with a history of kidney stones should talk to their healthcare provider before increasing their intake of cranberries