The beetroot is the taproot portion of plant usually known in Canada and USA as beet while the vegetables is referred to as beetroot in British English,and also known as the table beet,garden beet,red beet dinner beet or golden beet it is one of several cultivated varieties of beta vulgaris grown for their edible taproots and leaves (called beet greens)they have been classified as B vulgaris subsp vulgaris conditiva group.beside being used as a food, beet have uses as a food colouring and as a medicinal plant many beet products are made from other beta vulgaris,particularly sugar beet.
Beet where domesticated in the ancient middle east,primary for their greens, and were grown by ancient Egyptians and romans. by the romans era,it is thought that they were cultivated for their roots as well from the middle ages, beetroot was used as a treatment for a variety of conditions,especially illnesses relating to digestion and the blood.bartolomeo platina recommended taking during the middle of the 19th century,wine often was coloured with beetroot juice.
Benefits of beetroot
- Lower blood pressure
Other studies have looked at the effects of beetroot juice on blood pressure.A reduction in blood pressure is beneficial for the avoidance of heart diseases and stroke.studies state that nitrates rich foods like beetroot may help in heart attack survival.
- May improve digestive health
Beetroot are also one of the richest sources of glutamine,an among acids essential to the health and maintenance of the intestinal tract as well as wound healing.
- Antioxidants properties
Red beetroot have been ranked as one of the 10 most potent antioxidants vegetables.the betalain compounds in particular have been shown to have high antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capabilities in vitro and in variety of in vivo animal model.this help protect cellular components from oxidative injury resulting in disease,
May have anti-cancer properties
The plant pigments that give beetroot it’s rich,purple crimson colour is betacyanin,a powerful agents,thought to help suppress the development of some type of cancer.
- High in fiber
Beetroot is rich in fiber,exerting favourable effects on Bowel function,which may assist in preventing constipation and help to lower cholesterol levels too.beetroot fibre has been shown to increase the number of white blood cells,which are responsible for detecting and eliminating abnormal cells.
- It’s packed with essential nutrients
Beetroot is of exceptional nutrient value,especially the greens,which are rich in calcium,iron and vitamins A and C. Beetroot are an excellent source of folic acid and a very good source of fiber,manganese and potassium.the green should not be overlooked they can be cooked up and enjoyed in same way as spinach.
- Low in calories
A 100g serving of raw beet provides
- 36 kcals
- 1.7g protein
- 0.1g fat
- 7.6g carbs
- 2.5g fiber
Side effects of beetroot
Beet is possible safe for most people when taking by mouth in medical amounts beetroot can make urine or stool appear pink or red.but this is not harmful.there is concern that beet might cause low calcium levels and kidney damage. So talk to your doctor before considering eating beet.